Modelling of CZT Strip Setectors
E. Kalemci, J. L. Matteson, T. R. Skelton
P. L. Hink, K. R. Slavis
Position-sensitive CZT detectors for astrophysical research in the five -
several hundred keV range are being developed at UCSD and WU. These can be used
for large area detector arrays in coded mask imagers and small-area focal
plane detectors for focusing X-ray telescopes. The detectors have
crossed-strip readout and optimized strip widths and gaps to improve energy
resolution. A ``steering electrode'' between the anode strips improves
charge collection. A model of charge drift in the detectors and charge
induction on the electrodes has been developed to allow us a better
understanding of these types of detectors and improve their design.
Presently, the model calculates the electric field within the detector, the
charges' trajectories, mobility and trapping of holes and electrons, and charge
induction on all electrodes including their time dependence. Additional
effects are being added. The model is described and its predictions are
compared with laboratory measurements. Results include (1) the dependence of
various electrodes' signals on interaction depth, transverse (to the strips)
position, electron and hole trapping, strip width and gap, and bias, (2)
trajectories of charges for various anode and steering electrode bias voltages,
(3) a method to improve energy resolution by using depth of interaction
information, and (4) an electrode geometry and bias optimized for the
improved energy resolution.
In general, the agreement of the model with the measurements is good.
File translated from TEX by TTH, version 2.32.
On 16 Jul 1999, 09:19.